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Tuesday, December 6

13:00 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Are Tribunals re-inventing Global Internet Governance?
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

The objective of the session is to discuss the evolution and key dimensions of the jurisprudence around the world as it relates to, and impacts on, Global Internet Regulation with a particular focus on content regulation and on access. Until recently, tribunals played a fairly marginal role as far as on-line issues were concerned, particularly compared to the technology itself, Corporate actors, and users and civil society. This has changed a few years back, with judicial rulings emerging as one of the main forces shaping or at the very least influencing Internet regulation globally. Some recent decisions include for instance the infamous ECJ “Right to be Forgotten” decision followed by the CNIL demand that the de-indexation be implemented globally, or the ECfHR “Delfi” decision, possibly prefiguring a more segmented and diverse legal understanding of “intermediary”, and the decisions related to surveillance. The proposed session will be an opportunity to highlight and discuss the role of Tribunals as norms entrepreneurs. Panelists will present and analyse recent judicial decisions from 5 different regions that directly impact on the principles and/or working of Internet Regulation globally. They will be invited to compare these decisions, and to debate their impact, beyond the national boundaries of the tribunals’ jurisdictions, on the global regulation of Internet and on its inclusive and sustained growth. 

Tuesday December 6, 2016 13:00 - 13:20 CST
Lightning Session Area

13:25 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Sharing research on tech-facilitated crimes against children
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

One way of contributing to End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children (goal 16.2) is to generate evidence on the nature and scope of the problem or aspects of it such as technology mediated sexual violence against children. ECPAT Mexico (http://ecpatmexico.org.mx) and ECPAT International (http://www.ecpat.org) both have respectively, conceptualised and conducted, two innovative studies. The first qualitative study one has been recently published, and looks at the Mexican connectivity context, ICT access conditions as well as how young people do connect and use the ICTs, to finally present data about the use and production of child abuse materials (child pornography) in the country. The other study, sponsored by UNICEF, collects, analyses and presents quantitative and qualitative data from law enforcement sources as well as web-based reporting mechanisms revealing trends with regards to the age categories of victims portrayed on online child abuse material specifically seeking to prove if toddlers and infants being increasingly portrayed on those images. The latter is still unpublished hence only preliminary results will be shared. Disseminating findings which provide new quantitive and qualitative evidence on how the information and communication technologies are used to sexually abuse and exploit children is meant to guide and to inform policy processes in the internet governance sphere.

Session Organizers
avatar for Marie Laure Lemineur

Marie Laure Lemineur

Deputy Executive Director for Programmes, ECPAT International

Tuesday December 6, 2016 13:25 - 13:45 CST
Lightning Session Area

13:50 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Digital Trade Policy: TPP as Minimum Standard or More?

No. 145 Digital Trade Policy: Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) as Minimum Standard or More? (Tuesday, December 6, 13:50-14:10, Lightning Session Room)

【Overview】 20-Minute Lightning Session: Donald Trump says "No", but TPP Chapter 14 (E-Commerce) is a good example for future digital trade rules & policies.

As a lawyer and former advisor for WTO Dispute Settlement of Permanent Mission of Japan to the United Nations and Other International Organizations in Geneva, I would like to hold a short informative session titled "Digital Trade Policy: TPP as Minimum Standard or More?". 

In October 2015, the negotiations of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) were successfully completed and in February 2016, the TPP Agreement was signed by 12 member nations in New Zealand. The TPP Agreement, although has not yet come into force, is one of the biggest multinational trade agreements in the world and covers wide range of fields such as Telecommunications, Electronic Commerce, and Cooperation and Capacity Building. Among 30 Chapters of the TPP Agreement, my session especially focuses on Chapter 14 regarding Electronic Commerce which is innovative also from the perspective of Internet governance.

Chapter 14 has several important provisions such as allowing the cross-border transfer of information including personal information by electronic means, barring custom duties on digital products, and prohibiting forced disclosure of software source code as well as forced localization of data centers, etc. Understanding the structure of this Chapter is useful for all countries including developing countries which want to include the similar provisions in their existing or future trade agreements. Moreover, these provisions are also beneficial for the other stakeholders like private sector, technical community, academia, and civil society since the provisions directly relate to the development of global digital economy as itself. I try to make my presentation practical for all multistakeholders.


Mr. Kenta Mochizuki, Attorney at Law (New York), Public Policy & Corporate Governance, Corporate Management Group, Yahoo Japan Corporation

Session Organizers
avatar for Kenta Mochizuki

Kenta Mochizuki

IGF/MAG Member, Principal / Attorney at Law (New York), Public Policy, Corporate Intelligence, Yahoo Japan Corporation
Kenta Mochizuki is a Japanese representative member of the Multistakeholder Advisory Group of UN Internet Governance Forum (IGF/MAG) as well as Principal / Attorney at Law (New York) in Yahoo Japan Corporation. As an international lawyer, he specializes a wide range of international... Read More →

Tuesday December 6, 2016 13:50 - 14:10 CST
Lightning Session Area

14:15 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Finding the Balance: Access to Knowledge and Culture Online
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

As highlighted by the Sustainable Development Goals and the Global Connect Initiative, internet access is key to national and global development. Governments and others are ramping up efforts in favour of universal access. 
But access is nothing without content. 
Our history – via migration, wars and other movements – is global. So too is the future, with international scientific collaboration breaking new boundaries. We can increasingly celebrate our cultures and heritage with people globally, rather than just purchasing access to a monoculture. In short, the internet creates new and exciting opportunities to access, share and create. 
However, there are fierce discussions, notably around liability for copyright infringements, whether digitisation creates new rights, how far laws should change to reflect the digital age, and Sci-Hub, an internet-based repository of academic papers. Underneath this is the fact that digital tools have the potential both to increase the availability of knowledge and culture, but also to restrict and control its use. 
This debate will explore these tensions, and the different potential scenarios for access to heritage, knowledge and culture in the future. 
In particular, it will look at:
- What stands in the way of using digitisation to make heritage truly common?
- How is the internet affecting the information supply chain, and how can or should copyright laws respond?
- The rise of Sci-Hub suggests that the current academic publishing model is not meeting demand. Is the potential of the internet being fully harnessed to ensure knowledge flows effectively?

Session Organizers

Tuesday December 6, 2016 14:15 - 14:35 CST
Lightning Session Area

14:40 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Internet infrastructure, global technical standards and SDGs
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

Many different crucial Internet governance documents, from the WSIS + 10 review to the
NetMundial multistakeholder statement, to the latest report of UN Special Rapporteur Kaye
say that the infrastructure of the Internet must be managed such that it serves the public interest. Some Standard Developing Organizations (SDOs) clearly state what they believe this
public interest to be and how to achieve it, see for instance IETF RFC 1958:
“The current exponential growth of the network seems to show that connectivity is its own
reward, and is more valuable than any individual application such as mail or the World-Wide
Web. The key to global connectivity is the inter-networking layer.”
Global standards that ensure interoperability are crucial to maintain the Internet as a human
rights enabling medium. Yet, the debate about the impact of the Internet on issues like human
rights and SDGs, mostly takes place on a political, regulatory or commercial level, seemingly
ignoring the power of the Internet’s infrastructure and the organizations managing it.
This session will explore the relation between SDOs and Internet Governance Bodies (IGB)
building and influencing the Internet’s infrastructure and human rights. More specifically we
will discuss the following issue: what is the role of different SDOs in maintaining a global
Internet based on global standards? The debate will foster discussion on how the, often
contravening interests and objectives of SDOs and IGBs, can be balanced such that it allows
them to maintain the Internet’s technical architecture, while enabling human rights and SDGs.

Session Organizers

Tuesday December 6, 2016 14:40 - 15:00 CST
Lightning Session Area

15:05 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Research and Policy Advocacy Tools for #WomensRightsOnline
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

In 2015 the Web Foundation’s Women’s Rights Online network launched a global report based on a year­ long household survey research project. The research showed large gender gaps in Internet use and digital empowerment and identified priority actions to close these gaps. 

Several SDGs (5b, 9c, 1.4) provide an historic opportunity to halt and reverse growing digital inequality. However, in order to turn the SDG pledges into action it is important that advocates are able to present policymakers and the private sector with clear, evidence­ based policy recommendations, and to monitor progress towards implementation and impact.

This year we’ve been working with partners to build national Five Point Action Plans for achieving the SDGs on women and technology. These Action Plans include concrete, actionable and country ­specific recommendations on priority issues such as affordability, digital skills and education, and online civic participation. 

To help ensure that there is sustained pressure for implementation of these Action Plans, we have also developed a Digital Gender Divide Scorecard. The Scorecard is a simple, user friendly tool to hold governments accountable for progress on the SDG gender and ICT targets, by monitoring country ­level policy commitments, implementation and outcomes. 

During this workshop we will present our tools, methodologies and evidence to participants. We will have an interactive session whereby participants will learn how to activate the gender and ICT research and Scorecard tools in their countries. We will have an interactive discussion about specific strategies for evidence based policy advocacy on women’s digital empowerment.

Session Organizers
avatar for Nanjira Sambuli

Nanjira Sambuli

Senior Policy Manager and HLP on Digital Cooperation, World Wide Web Foundation

Tuesday December 6, 2016 15:05 - 15:25 CST
Lightning Session Area
Wednesday, December 7

13:00 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Internet users’ data and their unlawful use
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

With the generalization of the Internet use in all aspects of our life (Studies, work, health, entertainment and even intimate life), there is not enough awareness at the users level about the use of the data we are sharing on the net: who is using them and how they are used?
For the Internet to enable inclusive and sustainable growth, it must be secure, preserving the privacy of all data used, otherwise, it becomes a way for surveillance serving political and/or financial interests, and braking any possible growth for the developing economies 
This session will detail the possible threats of bad use of the user’s data on Internet and address all ways of preventing such an unlawful use, highlighting the awareness of the users that must be strengthen to change their behavior. 
The workshop will also try to enumerate the technical tools, if any that would minimize the vulnerability of the users’ privacy.

Session Organizers



Wednesday December 7, 2016 13:00 - 13:20 CST
Lightning Session Area

13:25 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Governance of Cyber Identity
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

Problem statement: How do you prevent digital exclusion through proper governance of identity on the Internet, where countries are going “digital by default” and developing countries are coming online?

This will be a discussion among all of the participants directed by the chair in order to solicit discussion and debate. There are a number of aspects to this we wish to debate including:
• How do you ensure that identity on the Internet is properly governed to address the sometimes conflicting goals of; inclusion, privacy and national security requirements?
• How do you ensure that identity management and access control systems are designed to be all inclusive and not just designed for white males in lab coats?
• How do you ensure identity management systems do not foster exclusion of groups or minorities by ensuring they cover all languages, and support those with physical and mental challenges?
• Should users self-govern their identities on the Internet or should governments or commercial organisations be involved in identity governance? 
• Should any organisation or body have the right to dictate what personal information can be collected, stored and data-mined and what level of assurance is required in online identity?
• How will freedom of expression be affected by introduction of a generalised system of real-name user identity or enforced assured identity
• Whether legislative controls could ever effectively govern identity on the Internet?
• How to protect the naïve from themselves so they do not damage their privacy or become a victim of identity theft?

Session Organizers
avatar for Andy Smith

Andy Smith

Member SCoE, BCS
BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT, is committed to making IT good for society. We use the power of our network to bring about positive, tangible change. We champion the global IT profession and the interests of individuals, engaged in that profession, for the benefit of all.

Wednesday December 7, 2016 13:25 - 13:45 CST
Lightning Session Area

13:50 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] South School on Internet Governance SSIG
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

The South School on Internet Governance is a pioneering capacity building project that has trained more than 1500 students on site and has reached out to more than 30.000 participants online.

All the students recieve a fellowship to participate in the SSIG.

SSIG main mission is to increase the relevant participation of Latin American and Caribbean representatives in debates, forums and participation spaces where the Internet Governance is discussed and where Internet policy processes take place.


The South School on Internet Governance is organized each year in a different country of the Latin American and Caribbean region. Rotation among countries of the region is relevant to involve the local community of the host country and also to allow participants from other countries and faculty members to interact with the community where the School is organized.

The SSIG has been organized with great success in:

· Buenos Aires, Argentina (March 2009)

· Sao Paulo, Brazil (March 2010)

· México DF (April 2011)

· Bogotá, Colombia (March 2012)

· Panamá, (April 2013)

· Trindiad Tobago (April 2014)

· Costa Rica (March 2015)

· Organization of American States - Washington DC (March2016)

Session Organizers
avatar for Olga Cavalli

Olga Cavalli

Academic Director, South School on Internet Governance
Olga Cavalli is an Internet leader whose work has been fundamental for enhancing participation of Latin America and the Caribbean in Internet Governance.She is the co-founder and the academic director of the South School on Internet Governance which has granted more than 3,500 fellowships... Read More →

Wednesday December 7, 2016 13:50 - 14:10 CST
Lightning Session Area

14:15 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Unveiling Surveillance Practices in Latin America
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

Massive data collection, Data mining, profiling and directed advertising are currently the foundation of apps and online platforms. As Snowden proved, this DataEconomy, based on profit from the data and metadata produced by internet users, has strong correlation with surveillance practices from the States and ultimately, lead us into a new paradigm of "surveillance capitalism".

Nevertheless, the wonders of innovation of new technologies have led most of the population to adopt tracking technologies without critical view about what is at stake. At the same time, legal framework for data protection are far behind overcoming challenges posed by new technologies, that goes from jurisdictional conflicts, to proper means of transparency and effective consent. 

In this scenario, civil society organizations are already working on different investigations about government and company surveillance practices, but effective strategies for awareness raising are still emerging. In this sense, it is necessary to translate all the evidence collected and accumulated expertise into compelling narratives that would explain and highlight the wide dimensions of the impact of such practices in our daily lifes, not only on digital rights but also on other fundamental rights, such as right to equality and freedom and consumers rights. 

That exercise requires a higher interaction between privacy advocates, investigative journalists and technologists to produce more effective advocacy for data protection. Based on the experiences of the platform "Unveilling Surveillance Practices in latam", the purpose of this Break-ou-Groups session is to take advantage of the diversity of voices attending IGF to graps other possible approaches and cases to use as sources for narratives.

Session Organizers
avatar for Joana Varon

Joana Varon

Founder Director, Coding Rights
Brazilian researcher and digital rights advocate. Founder Director of Coding Rights, where she works as creative chaos catalyst, developing research and advocacy strategies for digital rights, particularly focused on privacy and freedom of expression. Consultant of Consumers International... Read More →

Wednesday December 7, 2016 14:15 - 14:35 CST
Lightning Session Area

14:40 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Redefining Broadband Affordability for a more Inclusive Inte
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

In order to enable a more inclusive Internet we need to address the problem of affordability which is particularly acute for low-income, rural, and female populations. However, a major challenge to achieving affordable, universal access is that the current definition of affordability does not give us an accurate picture of the true cost of access across the globe. In 2011, the UN Broadband Commission put forward what is now the de facto definition of “affordable Internet”: the price of an entry-level broadband plan should be less than 5% of monthly average national income (i.e., GNI per capita). Analysis from A4AI’s 2015/16 Affordability Report revealed that at this level, broadband prices in many countries appear to be affordable, when, in fact, they are too expensive for a significant portion of the population. In many of the countries that have achieved the 5% target, entry-level broadband (500MB) is still too expensive for at least the bottom 20% of income earners in the country and often remains out of reach for all those except the top group of income earners. 
In addition, research from the Web Foundation shows that those countries that have the highest Internet costs (as a proportion of average income) not only have the lowest numbers of women online, but also the largest gender gaps in Internet use. Thus, we need to rethink how we measure and define affordability as this has direct implications for policies that can ultimately bringing more diverse populations online.

See http://a4ai.org/1for2-affordability-target/


Session Organizers
avatar for Yacine Khelladi

Yacine Khelladi

Latin America & the Caribbean Coordinator Alliance for Affordable Internet (A4AI), Web Foundation
Alliance for Affordable Internet, the World Wide Web Foundation
avatar for Dhanaraj Thakur

Dhanaraj Thakur

Senior Research Manager, Alliance for Affordable Internet / Web Foundation

Wednesday December 7, 2016 14:40 - 15:00 CST
Lightning Session Area

15:05 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Holding algorithms accountable to protect fundamental rights
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

An increasing share of our social interactions is mediated by algorithmic decision making processes (ADM). ADM and data-driven models serve to automate how news and information is produced and distributed and therefore shape the public discourse. They are used for risk assessments before deciding who can be set free at every stage of the criminal justice system, from assigning bond amounts to even more fundamental decisions about defendants’ freedom. In medical centers they are used as decision supporting tools in the diagnostics. The credit scores of individuals’ are assessed with algorithms.

It is uncontested that AMD holds enormous promise and may contribute to the creation of less subjective, fairer processes and reduce the risk of careless mistakes. At the same time it carries enormous dangers of delegating discrimination to subtle automated processes that are too hermetic to be noticed. If users’ trust is betrayed or cannot be established in these systems, this will be a major obstacle in enabling inclusive and sustainable growth.

We need to discuss different questions relating to these technologies:
What kind of scrutiny does ADM have to be submitted to?
Do we need to look for intelligibility, transparency, accountability?
Can we expect any kind of control in light of self-learning systems?
If not, what needs to be the result - a ban on ADM in cases when fundamental rights are affected?
Would such a ban be enforceable?
And last but not least: Who is responsible for the outcomes of ADM - the designers of the systems, the coders, the entities implementing them, the users?

Session Organizers
avatar for Matthias Spielkamp

Matthias Spielkamp

Founder and Executive Director, AlgorithmWatch
Matthias Spielkamp is co-founder and executive director of AlgorithmWatch. He is co-founder and publisher of the online magazine iRights.info (Grimme Online Award 2006). He testified before several committees of the German Bundestag, i.e. on AI and robotics. Matthias serves on the governing board of the German section of Reporters Without Borders and the... Read More →

Wednesday December 7, 2016 15:05 - 15:25 CST
Lightning Session Area
Thursday, December 8

13:00 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Fostering local Internet Governance: Inclussion and Openess
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

Growth and consolidation of Internet Governance structures / mechanisms throughout the Latin American and the Caribbean region by NIC México (pioneer on México and Latin America of the first permanent Internet connections available). 
Other efforts to promote Multistakeholder governance, foster openess and inclussion on the mexican Ecosystem.
Continued growth and consolidation of the .MX ccTLD and shared impact on the ecosystem.
NIC México (.MX) has been vocal of promoting multistakeholder Internet Governance. Some of its regional efforts include participating in the creation of regional organizations such as LACTLD, LACNIC, LACNOG, funding of LACIGF; locally, with the Initiative Group on Internet Governance, funding ISOC Next Generation Leaders Programme on Spanish version, the .MX Consultive Committee, participating actively on legislative and executive issues giving expert opinion, among others. 
This Flash Session will try to showcase these efforts and try to engage the local community to increase participation. 

Session Organizers
avatar for Manuel Haces Aviña

Manuel Haces Aviña

Prospective & Regulation Manager, NIC México (.MX)

Thursday December 8, 2016 13:00 - 13:20 CST
Lightning Session Area

13:25 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Addressing Cybersecurity Risks & Challenges in Latin America
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

This session will provide an overview of national and regional cybersecurity policies, regulations, and trends throughout Latin America and highlight some of the key challenges and concerns for digital rights activists. This includes ensuring that fundamental human rights values, such as the right to privacy and free expression, are integrated into policies and laws to combat cybersecurity threats. As cybersecurity concerns continue to rise, stakeholders, in particular civil society, should understand the evolving landscape and be poised to advocate for strong rights-respecting policies that are grounded on principles of necessity and proportionality. The session will help digital rights defenders pinpoint critical opportunities for engagement with governments and develop advocacy strategies to counteract invasive cyber bills and proposals. Panelists will be comprised of experts from different Latin American countries, as experiences, strategies, and policies vary country-by-country.

Session Organizers

Thursday December 8, 2016 13:25 - 13:40 CST
Lightning Session Area

13:50 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Human Rights Online: What has Internet Governance got to do with Refugees?
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR 2016) estimates that over 65 million have been forced from home. Over 20 million are refugees and more than half of those are under the age of 18.

Internet access and mobile phones play a pivotal role in providing information, helping families to stay connected and giving newcomers the necessary tools to being able to start a new life in another part of the world. 

Considering that offline rights should be protected online (UNHRC 2014) is enough being done to ensure equal access and to protect the rights refugees and displaced people? What sort of political, technical and social cultural challenges arise in order to enable, and protect the rights of refugees online and allow their fully participate in the online environment?

Following up on the discussion initiated at this year’s EuroDIG ("Confronting the Digital Divide" Workshop Sessions), and drawing on the work of the Internet Rights and Principles Coalition (IRPC) and the Charter of Human Rights and Principles for the Internet, this session takes a focused and practical approach to apply human rights principles to existing discriminatory structures. 


#refugeesinternet   #IGF2016 


Session Organizers
avatar for Internet Rights and Principles Coalition/Amnesty International

Internet Rights and Principles Coalition/Amnesty International

The Internet Rights and Principles Dynamic Coalition (IRPC) is an open network of individuals and organizations committed to making the Internet work for human rights, based on the Charter of Human Rights and Principles for the Internet: Amnesty International is a global movement... Read More →
avatar for Minda Moreira

Minda Moreira

Steering Committee / Web and Social Media Manager, Internet Rights and Principles Coalition

Thursday December 8, 2016 13:50 - 14:10 CST
Lightning Session Area

14:15 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Challenges of Internet Governance in MENA region
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

The session is an opportunity to inform the international community on the IG situation in the MENA region throughout Maharat Foundation work, especially that most of the MENA countries are not applying IG principles neither related to Human Rights and shared values nor to the processes particularly multistakeholderism and adoption of inclusive, transparent and open processes. They deal with internet as telecommunication service and consider IG as sovereign right to be discussed and regulated via government enacted policies and regulations and their main concerns revolve around monopolistic protectionism and national security. The League of Arab States is not playing leadership and catalyst role as the umbrella of the AIGF by providing an open forum where member governments, civil society and I* organization can come together, discuss and issue recommendations on best practice IG which do not contribute in enabling inclusive and sustainable growth. Maharat has issued lately a study that includes recommendations based on 4 keystones access, freedom of expression and content, privacy, and IG in Lebanon. This report was endorsed by ISOC Lebanon, considered as a baseline to build on. Some of the outputs were included in a wider report on internet freedom in the Arab World produced by ANHRI (Arab Network for Human Rights Information). Another compilation of the status of internet in the Arab World was conducted by Maharat in partnership with ANHRI and the GCHR (Gulf Center for Human Rights) and was disseminated during the last AIGF in December 2015 in Beirut.

Session Organizers
avatar for Layal Bahnam

Layal Bahnam

Program Manager, Maharat Foundation
I work in an NGO specialized in freedom of expression and media development in the MENA region. Maharat has been exploring ways to innovate through technology to advance media, free flow of information and human rights in the region.

Roula Mikhael

Executive Director, Maharat Foundation
Roula is the Executive Director of Maharat Foundation, which operates Maharat News, an independent, online, multimedia platform whose model of in-depth journalism on key issues of government accountability amplifies policy news. Its mission is to defend, catalyse, and advance democratic... Read More →

Thursday December 8, 2016 14:15 - 14:35 CST
Lightning Session Area

14:40 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Internet Civil Society’s tools to monitor the Parliament
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

Can digital rights conquer the political mainstream? "Civil Society’s tools to monitor the Parliament” is designed to provoke a conversation between civil society's organizations on what strategies we are using to push our National Congresses in the promotion of human rights and how we are monitoring and affecting what is being discussed in our local House of Representatives.

We will also present the "Coalizão Direitos na Rede", a Brazilian Coalition recently created to strengthen NGO's presence in the country's legislative agenda, and discuss what the Asociación por los Derechos Civiles is doing in Argentina in regard of legislative process monitoring.

Come share with us what's being done in your country and learn a bit more about Brazilian and Argentinian advocacy strategies!

Session Organizers

Thursday December 8, 2016 14:40 - 15:00 CST
Lightning Session Area

15:00 CST

Thursday December 8, 2016 15:00 - 18:00 CST
Workshop Room 5 PALCCO, Guadalajara, Mexico

15:05 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Anonymity vs Hate speech?
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

Recent commitments of social media platforms and proposals for legal provisions on cybercrime to address “hate speech” are ultimately leading to more censorship and surveillance of the Internet. Measures such as content blockage and filtering, real name policies, data retention and prohibition of anonymity have been listed as solutions, but have little effect and a lot of potential damage. 

It is important to recall that privacy and anonymity are crucial to the exercise freedom of expression, particularly in hostile environments, where either the State or society itself are adverse to a debate that might be thorny, but relevant to promote shifts in old paradigms. 

What exactly is "hate speech"? What differentiates it from already established criminal provisions of such as libel and slander? Is there any kind of physical tangibility to be considered? If so, what differentiates it from incitement to crime? Does hate speech directed to the powerful differs from hate directed at minorities or socially discriminated groups? They are both equally punishable? How do we draw the line between "hate speech" and political speech? Is deletion of the speech in question and prosecution the offender the most suitable way to address hate within the society?

Taking all this questions for granted generates severe damage not only to the protection and promotion of privacy and freedom of expression, but also for the openness and security of internet architecture itself. How do we protect the victims while this questions are still on the table?

Session Organizers
avatar for Deborah Brown

Deborah Brown

Association for Progressive Communications
avatar for Joana Varon

Joana Varon

Founder Director, Coding Rights
Brazilian researcher and digital rights advocate. Founder Director of Coding Rights, where she works as creative chaos catalyst, developing research and advocacy strategies for digital rights, particularly focused on privacy and freedom of expression. Consultant of Consumers International... Read More →

Thursday December 8, 2016 15:05 - 15:25 CST
Lightning Session Area
Friday, December 9

13:25 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Trademark Systems Enable Sustainable Growth on the Internet
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

Using a modified debate format with hypothetical fact patterns concerning a small online business, this workshop explores whether trademark systems hurt or help emerging economies. The debaters will offer consumer, small business, and large business perspectives, and the moderator will encourage active in-person and online audience participation to ensure consideration of a wide range of views. 
Debate topics will include whether existing trademark systems are sufficient to promote consumer protection on the Internet, foster business growth on the Internet, increase consumer confidence, and give smaller and newer companies protection against large and established companies, whether the overall benefits justify the costs, and whether any of these answers change depending on the geographic region or type of business. By considering an online world without consumer protections, workshop participants will be part of a lively discussion regarding the effects trademarks can have in the development of economies around the world and what changes could further foster inclusive and sustainable growth on the Internet. 

Session Organizers
avatar for Lori Schulman

Lori Schulman

Senior Director, Internet Policy, INTA

Friday December 9, 2016 13:25 - 13:45 CST
Lightning Session Area

13:50 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Conflict Management & Human Rights on the Internet
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

Today, when the most of the content is user-generated, conflicts on the Internet, and conflicts between users, are unavoidable. Serious conflicts could affect users’ rights, especially freedom of expression and information. In response, national jurisdictions impose difficulties on different websites. We should ensure a balance between the control of information (like censorship) and minimizing harm caused by internet-based conflicts.

Conflict management in the Internet offers a structuration of rights: the right to protection of privacy, intellectual property rights, the right to personal dignity, protection against fraud network users. There are interesting aspects of the understanding of the conflict (it is the nature of inter-territorial and inter-jurisdictional), procedural mechanisms for conflict resolution, preventive measures for conflict prevention. In addition to the legal principles and rules like the rule of law, justice, etc. We will apply specific guidelines proposed by the Internet communities.

For that reason, we should reconsider user agreements of the web resources for human rights protection and conflict management. In case of the internet-based conflict user should be protected from threats and illegal behavior of the other users. This is the one of the most complex issues of the Internet Governance, when different legislations and different jurisdictions applied. Clear rules must be developed to ensure realization of users’ rights on the Internet in case of conflicts.

Session Organizers

Friday December 9, 2016 13:50 - 14:10 CST
Lightning Session Area

14:15 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Electronic voting: Is not digital the future of democracy?
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

The purpose of this session is to define how the Internet currently serves to enable and strengthen the human right to freely choose their leaders as said the article 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: “Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives...” 
The discussion will begin with a brief opening speech of the speakers, which will make a statement about the electronic voting, its use in different countries of the world and if they believe that electronic voting has a future as part of the mechanisms of digital democracy.

Session Organizers

Friday December 9, 2016 14:15 - 14:35 CST
Lightning Session Area

14:40 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Practical Challenges in Tackling Online Hate Speech
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

While the Internet has proved over the years to be a critical enabler of free speech and expression, the very attributes of the Internet that make it so have also brought forth numerous complex challenges without precedents for effective resolution. Online hate speech is one such challenge, the prevalence of which threatens to compromise the Internet's role as an enabler of free speech. As the Internet also serves as a platform for hate speech, users are expected grow weary of what they choose to express online and how, which takes away from the Internet's most cherished attributes.
Though considerable efforts have been made by state and non-state actors to effectively address this issue, a sustainable solution continues to elude due to several roadblocks that surface when attempting to put the remedies to practice. Some such challenges include:
- Dangers and feasibility of monitoring and disabling hate-related content in areas of the Internet that witness high-volume traffic
- Lack of effective reportage and redressal mechanisms, especially when hateful content comes in large numbers and targets particular individuals
- Lack of human interaction in existing reportage mechanisms, which discourages victims from using them
- Absence of mechanisms to identify and disable hateful content that makes use of regional languages and dialects
- Low levels of awareness amongst law enforcement officials who are frequently approached by victims of sustained online abuse
This session will bring stakeholders together to formulate concrete measures that will help overcome said practical challenges, thereby contributing to ongoing efforts at limiting online hate speech.

Session Organizers

Friday December 9, 2016 14:40 - 15:00 CST
Lightning Session Area

15:05 CST

[LIGHTNING SESSION] Connectivity models: community-based ISP
[20-Minute Lightning Session]

The digital divide still a major issue in many regions of the globe. The profitable economic model often isn’t attracted to places in which revenue isn’t interesting.Many families, small companies and associations are fated to live without internet connection, raising social inequality since the Internet is a indicator of social inclusion nowadays.It is important to emphasize that there is no single connectivity model. A group of neighbors or a family that live nearby is capable of setting up their own provider and distribute their connection according to their communal interests. The adoption of this practice nowadays is very limited, due to the efforts it requires being bigger than just hiring one private provider or for the mere ignorance of its possibility and the upper hand this model may have over orthodox models.
This workshop will be composed by specialists from different sectors (from academy, companies, government and civil society) in diverse connectivity models, emphasizing non-profitable ones. The main objective is creating enthusiasm and spread the use of community-based Internet providers as well highlight its advantages. The speakers have technical and theoretical knowledge to advice interested people on the theme and are capable to address a simple how-to-do method after the workshop on how to build a community-based Internet provider to the audience, including online spectators which may receive online publications from the organization and also interact straight to the speakers during the workshop.

Session Organizers

Friday December 9, 2016 15:05 - 15:25 CST
Lightning Session Area