No. 145 Digital Trade Policy: Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) as Minimum Standard or More? (Tuesday, December 6, 13:50-14:10, Lightning Session Room)
【Overview】 20-Minute Lightning Session: Donald Trump says "No", but TPP Chapter 14 (E-Commerce) is a good example for future digital trade rules & policies.
As a lawyer and former advisor for WTO Dispute Settlement of Permanent Mission of Japan to the United Nations and Other International Organizations in Geneva, I would like to hold a short informative session titled "Digital Trade Policy: TPP as Minimum Standard or More?".
In October 2015, the negotiations of Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) were successfully completed and in February 2016, the TPP Agreement was signed by 12 member nations in New Zealand. The TPP Agreement, although has not yet come into force, is one of the biggest multinational trade agreements in the world and covers wide range of fields such as Telecommunications, Electronic Commerce, and Cooperation and Capacity Building. Among 30 Chapters of the TPP Agreement, my session especially focuses on Chapter 14 regarding Electronic Commerce which is innovative also from the perspective of Internet governance.
Chapter 14 has several important provisions such as allowing the cross-border transfer of information including personal information by electronic means, barring custom duties on digital products, and prohibiting forced disclosure of software source code as well as forced localization of data centers, etc. Understanding the structure of this Chapter is useful for all countries including developing countries which want to include the similar provisions in their existing or future trade agreements. Moreover, these provisions are also beneficial for the other stakeholders like private sector, technical community, academia, and civil society since the provisions directly relate to the development of global digital economy as itself. I try to make my presentation practical for all multistakeholders.
Mr. Kenta Mochizuki, Attorney at Law (New York), Public Policy & Corporate Governance, Corporate Management Group, Yahoo Japan Corporation